Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Parenting Styles: A Background

Based on research by Maccoby and Martin, there are four main styles of parenting: authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful.

Most parents fall somewhere between the categories.

Authoritative parenting is very balanced between demanding and responsive. Though the parents set up a lot of guidelines and rules for their children, they are also affectionate and caring.

Authoritarian parenting is the strictest parenting style. There are many rules for the children to follow, but not much affection. The parents have high expectations of their children. There are many set boundaries and restrictions. The parents are highly demanding and willing to punish easily.
As a result, many children who grow up with authoritarian parents are less socially competent because they are used to their parents telling them exactly what to do so they are not used to making their own decisions. Many researchers argue that Asian American families commonly use authoritarian parenting.

According to Maccoby and Martin, indulgent parenting involves the parent being responsive but not demanding. Indulgent parenting is also called permissive parenting and is nondirective and lenient. The parents have very few guidelines or rules in place for their children’s behavior. They are very nurturing and accepting, often allowing their children to become “spoiled brats.” Interestingly enough, the children who grow up with this type of parenting often become the teenagers who are more susceptible to drug use.

With neglectful parenting, the parent is neither demanding nor responsive. The parents don’t play much of a role in the children’s lives; they don’t set rules or show them affection.

For more information about parenting styles visit THIS WEBSITE.

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